|Part||Is it in an Animal Cell?||Is it in a Plant Cell?||Function|
|Nucleus||Yes||Yes||Control centre of the cell - contains genetic information|
|Vacuole||No||Yes||Space within the cell to hold sap|
|Cytoplasm||Yes||Yes||Jelly-like substance where chemical reactions happen|
|Chloroplasts||No||Yes||These contain chlorophyll and is where photosynthesis occurs|
|Cell Membrane||Yes||Yes||Allows nutrients in and waste products out|
|Cell Wall||No||Yes||Rigid supporting structure around each cell|
|Mitochondria||Yes||Yes||The power supply for the cells. Respiration takes place in them|
A genome is an organism's complete set of genetic code.
This is made up of 20,000 to 25,000 different genes.
The code in these is written in chemicals called bases.
All of this is stored in our DNA inside the chromosomes.
These, in turn, are inside the nucleus of each cell.
One possible answer:
If gene 1 is 0 then creature has 6 legs
If gene 2 is 1 then creature has red head
If gene 3 is 0 then creature has yellow body
If gene 4 is 1 then creature has yellow eyes
There are many reasons to do this, here are a few: